Twelve farm animal welfare criteria
As mentioned above the EC-sponsored WelfareQuality® research project established a list of twelve farm animal welfare criteria, these are:
- Animals should not suffer from prolonged hunger.
- Animals should not suffer from prolonged thirst.
- Animals should have comfort around resting.
- Animals should have thermal comfort.
- Animals should have enough space to move around freely.
- Animals should be free of physical injuries.
- Animals should be free of disease.
- Animals should not suffer pain from inappropriate management or handling.
- Animals should be able to express normal, non-harmful behaviours.
- Animals should be able to express other species-specific normal behaviours.
- Animals should be handled well in all situations.
- Positive emotions should be promoted and negative emotions, such as fear, distress, frustration and apathy should be avoided.
EAWP will build on these findings, it will identify best practices to satisfy the criteria and to integrate the practical measures and welfare improvement strategies at all levels of the food chain.
The authors gratefully acknowledge from the European Community financial participation under the Seventh Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration Activities, for the Support Action "EAWP" European Animal Welfare Platform, Grant Agreement KBBE-212326.
This publication reflects only the author(s)'views and the European Community is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.