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Beef & Dairy

Issue Group Production Stage Welfare Issue
     
Transport / Handling Transport to Slaughterhouse Handling / Movement of Animals
Transport to Slaughterhouse Stress & Injury during transport
Transport Journey Time
Lairage Handling / Movement of Animals
Stunning & Slaughter Handling / Movement of Animals
Genetics Dairy Cow Reduced Longevity of Dairy Cow
Dairy Cow Extreme Genetics - selection for high milk yields
Suckler Cow Sire selection for high meat yields / caesarian section
Health Dairy Cow Mastitis
Dairy Cow Lameness
Indoor Growing / Finishing Vaccination / Health Programme
Calf - 1st 24 hours       Colostrum Quality / Availability / Timing
Dairy Cow Metabolic Disorders
Dairy Cow Feed Composition (Balance - fibre / concentrates) / Metabolic Disorders
Management / Husbandry Dairy Cow Comfortable Lying Area - bedding
Dairy Cow Comfortable lying area - appropriate size for cow
Indoor Growing / Finishing Floor - Bedding / Slats
Indoor Growing / Finishing Space Allowance
Indoor Growing / Finishing Opportunity to perform natural behaviour
Indoor Growing / Finishing Handling System
Calf Rearing Housing Environment
Suckler Cow Provision of Feed
Dairy Cow Tethering
Stun / Slaughter Stunning & Slaughter Effectiveness of Stun - Captive Bolt (also add other systems)
Mutilations Calf Rearing / Growing Dis-budding & Dehorning
Indoor Growing / Finishing Castration
Regional / Hot Climates Suckler Cow Provision of Water
Outdoor Growing / Finishing Access to Shelter / Shade


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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The authors gratefully acknowledge from the European Community financial participation under the Seventh Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration Activities, for the Support Action "EAWP" European Animal Welfare Platform, Grant Agreement KBBE-212326.

DISCLAIMER
This publication reflects only the author(s)'views and the European Community is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.

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